Machines

Why the world relies on ASML for machines that print chips

In a Dutch factory there is a revolutionary chip-making machine that the whole world relies on. It takes months to assemble, and only one company in the world knows how to do it: Advanced Semiconductor Materials Lithography. CNBC had an exclusive visit to ASML’s cleanrooms to see how these $200 million EUV systems print tiny designs onto advanced microchips using exploding molten tin, the flattest surface in the world. and a light so narrow that it is absorbed by the air. After ASML finishes building and testing an EUV lithography machine, it is so large that it must be dismantled and loaded onto 20 trucks or three 747s for shipment. Only five customers can afford EUV machines, the largest being TSMC, Samsung and Intel – and ASML export controls prevent ASML from sending any to China. Here’s a rare glimpse into how nearly 800 vendors have come together to create the technology needed to print every advanced chip that powers the digital world, from data centers to iPhones. Chapters: 00:00 — Intro 1:58 — Dutch company with American roots 6:18 — How lithography works 8:52 — How EUV revolutionized chip manufacturing 11:24 — Why there isn’t has no competition 14:45 — Geopolitics the risks and the sequel (edited)

Wed Mar 23 2022 4:05:50 GMT